Legal decision-making in relation to sexual assault is often influenced by shared social beliefs (schemas). In investigating these beliefs, prior research has confounded different schemas – offence prototypes, sexual script schemas and victim and perpetrator stereotypes. It is unclear which schemas are influential and when, making it difficult to reduce the impact of such extra-legal factors. Our research will identify the key schemas, and advance social cognitive theory by demonstrating through a multi-method approach with police and community members when and how these particular schemas influence decision-making. We will also test two ways to reduce the influence of these extra-legal factors to promote a fairer legal system.
- Associate Professor Barbara Masser (The University of Queensland)
- Dr Blake McKimmie (The University of Queensland)
- Professor Jane Goodman-Delahunty (Charles Sturt University)
- Professor Regina Schuller (York University)
- Masser, B. M., McKimmie, B. M. Goodmand-Delahunty, J., Schuller, R. (2012). $310,000 over 3 years. Rape victims on trial: Understanding police officers’ and jurors’ beliefs about sexual assault, victims, and perpetrators. ARC Discovery Grant Scheme
- Masser, B. M. & McKimmie, B. M. (2009). $20,000 over 1 year – Understanding and diminishing the impact of stereotypes about female victims of sexual assault. UQ External Support Enabling Grant
- McKimmie, B. M. (2008). $17,157.86 over 1 year – Stereotypes about sexual assault: What influences perceptions of victims? UQ Early Career Researcher funding scheme
- Stuart, S. M., McKimmie, B. M., & Masser, B. M. (2019). Rape Perpetrators on Trial: The Effect of Sexual Assault–Related Schemas on Attributions of Blame. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 34(2), 310–336. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260516640777
- Nitschke, F. T., Masser, B. M., McKimmie, B. M., & Riachi, M. (2018). Intoxicated But Not Incapacitated: Are There Effective Methods to Assist Juries in Interpreting Evidence of Voluntary Complainant Intoxication in Cases of Rape? Journal of Interpersonal Violence. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518790601
- Westera, N., McKimmie, B., Kebbell, M., Milne, R., & Masser, B. (2015). Does the narrative style of video-evidence influence judgments about rape-complainant testimony? Applied Cognitive Psychology. Ahead of print, 1-10, DOI: 10.1002/acp.3146
- Bongiorno, R., McKimmie, B. M., & Masser, B. M. (2016). The Selective Use of Rape-Victim Stereotypes to Protect Culturally Similar Perpetrators. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 40(3), 398–413. https://doi.org/10.1177/0361684316631932
- McKimmie, B. M. & Masser, B. (2010). Gender in the courtroom. In J. Adler (Ed.), Forensic Psychology: Concepts, Debates and Practice (2nd ed) (pp. 95-122). Devon: Willan Publishing.
- Schuller, R. A., McKimmie, B. M., Masser, B. M., & Klippenstine, M. A. (2010). Judgments of sexual assault: The impact of complainant emotional demeanour, gender and victim stereotypes. New Criminal Law Review, 13(4), 759-780. DOI: 10.1525/nclr.2010.13.4.759
- Masser, B., Lee, K., & McKimmie, B. M. (2010). Bad woman, bad victim? disentangling the effects of victim stereotypicality, gender stereotypicality and benevolent sexism on acquaintance rape victim blame. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 62(7-8), 494-504. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.library.uq.edu.au/10.1007/s11199-009-9648-y,